Summer health care tips
Summer brings with it a plethora of problems – skin…
Heat strokeHeat stroke, a severe form of hyperthermia, occurs when the human body absorbs more heat than it can dissipate. This is a serious condition and needs immediate medical attention. Remedy: It is important to lower the temperature of the body, hence immerse yourself in ice if you have to or take a cold shower. You can prevent heat stroke by wearing loose and light clothes, drink water and do not exert yourself during summer.
Heat crampsMuscle pains or spasms usually occur in the abdomen, arms or legs. Spasms usually occur in coordination with strenuous physical activity. Home remedies: Rest in a cool place. Drink clear juice or electrolyte-enriched drinks. Do not go back to strenuous activity even after cramps subside since it may lead to heat exhaustion or heat stroke.
Heat exhaustion symptomsHeavy sweating, weakness, dizziness, headache, nausea, fainting, muscle cramps, fainting. Home remedies: Rest. Have cool non-alcoholic beverages, a cool shower, bath or sponge bath. Use light clothing.
DehydrationThe most common symptoms are : dry mouth and eyes, dry skin, sweating nearly stopping , muscle cramps, nausea, heart palpitations and light headedness. Prevention: Re-hydration with water, clear broths, and any other water replacements that contain electrolytes. Home remedies: Fluid replacement and control through diet and medication. Fever medication.
RosaceaRosacea turns your skin red due to over exposure to the sun and the heat. The redness appears as the excess heat causes the blood vessels to dilate. Remedy: Avoid direct sunlight. Always use a good sunscreen with SPF 30+
SunburnThe ultra violent radiation burns the skin when you spend long hours under direct sun. Sunburn symptoms are patches of darkened skin peeling away. Remedy: It is highly recommended to stay indoors during 10am to 4pm when the sun light is at its peak.
Sun tanSun tan making your skin darker tends to be a taboo. Avoid sunblock to be repeated every two to three hours. Therapies like rehydration can help your skin look healthier.
Prickly heatPrickly heat affects everyone; it is a result of sweat and humidity that causes bacterial infection on the skin. Remedy: -Having cold showers, wearing loose clothes, putting talcum powder after a bath, applying calamine lotion on the rashes. -Apply medicated talcum powder. -Keep the area dry and clean.
Foot infectionSweating and humidity can increase your chances of foot infection during summer. Remedy: There are several anti-bacterial powders available in medical stores. Scrub your feet and the toes thoroughly to wash off the bacteria. But for dire skin ailment consult a dermatologist.
DandruffDandruff is aggravated during summer heat and sweat. Dandruff causes hair loss and is an unhygienic skin condition.
Summer dietOne must eat cold foods such as watermelon, yogurt and berries. Such foods are low in calories and additionally require very little energy for digestion. Usually such foods taste better when chilled and are therefore traditionally eaten that way. Naturally, eating such chilled low calorie foods feels good in the summer months. All essential nutrients are required in the summer months, particularly the minerals that are lost in the sweat. It is possible to replenish these micro- nutrients only if the diet includes varied food groups such as fruits, vegetables, milk, cereals, meat and fats. In the summer months, a number of people who want to lose weight switch to a zero fat diet. This is not a healthy trend. The essential fats that the body needs are available through diet alone. It is therefore sensible to limit the fat intake to just the essential requirement but to avoid any extras. Drinking very chilled liquids is not advisable. Food consumed at extreme temperatures, whether hot or cold, is not appropriate for the body. The body has to work extra in order to get the temperature close to the body temperature. Drinking warm or cool (as opposed to hot and cold) liquids are best suited for the body. Maintain good food-hygiene levels. Many dangerous bacteria and viruses thrive in the summer months as the temperature is conducive for their growth. The bad bugs usually enter the body through food and water. This is why maintaining food hygiene is crucial in this season.
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